Malolactic fermentation (MLF) is a biological process that, in addition to deacidifying, also improves biological stability and changes the chemical and sensorial characteristics of wines. However, multiple biotic and abiotic factors, present in must and wine, make the onset and completion of MLF by indigenous malolactic bacteria or added commercial starters difficult. This work illustrates the metabolic and fermentative dynamics in winemaking Fiano wine, using a commercial starter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the selected strain Lactobacillus plantarum M10. In particular, an inoculum of malolactic starter was assessed at the beginning of alcoholic fermentation (early co-inoculum), at half alcoholic fermentation (late co-inoculum), and post alcoholic fermentation (sequential inoculum). The malolactic starter, before its use, was pre-adapted in sub-optimal growth conditions (pH 5.0). In sequential inoculum of the Lb. plantarum M10, even in a wine with high acidity, has confirmed its good technological and enzymatic characteristics, completing the MLF and enriching the wine with desirable volatile compounds.

Inoculum Strategies and Performances of Malolactic Starter Lactobacillus plantarum M10: Impact on Chemical and Sensorial Characteristics of Fiano Wine

Lombardi, Silvia Jane;Pannella, Gianfranco;Iorizzo, Massimo;Testa, Bruno;Succi, Mariantonietta;Tremonte, Patrizio;Sorrentino, Elena;Di Renzo, Massimo;Coppola, Raffaele
2020

Abstract

Malolactic fermentation (MLF) is a biological process that, in addition to deacidifying, also improves biological stability and changes the chemical and sensorial characteristics of wines. However, multiple biotic and abiotic factors, present in must and wine, make the onset and completion of MLF by indigenous malolactic bacteria or added commercial starters difficult. This work illustrates the metabolic and fermentative dynamics in winemaking Fiano wine, using a commercial starter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the selected strain Lactobacillus plantarum M10. In particular, an inoculum of malolactic starter was assessed at the beginning of alcoholic fermentation (early co-inoculum), at half alcoholic fermentation (late co-inoculum), and post alcoholic fermentation (sequential inoculum). The malolactic starter, before its use, was pre-adapted in sub-optimal growth conditions (pH 5.0). In sequential inoculum of the Lb. plantarum M10, even in a wine with high acidity, has confirmed its good technological and enzymatic characteristics, completing the MLF and enriching the wine with desirable volatile compounds.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/92021
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