The aim of this study was to examine the effect of in ovo synbiotic administration on slaughter performance and meat quality traits of broiler chickens. On day 12 of incubation, 5,850 eggs (Cobb 500 FF) were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups and automatically injected in ovo with physiological saline (control, C) and 2 different synbiotic formulations (SYN1: Lactobacillus salivarius + galactooligosaccharides; SYN2: Lactobacillus plantarum + raffinose family oligosaccharides). After hatching, 240 males were randomly chosen (80 chicks per group) and split into 8 replicate pens (10 birds per pen). At 42 d of age, 15 birds per treatment were weighed and slaughtered. In ovo synbiotic administration had a low effect on investigated traits, but depends on the kind of synbiotic administered. Both synbiotic formulations did not affect final BW, weight, and yield of carcass and pectoral muscle (PM); likewise, physicochemical properties (pH, color, water holding capacity), intramuscular collagen properties, and cholesterol content of PM were not affected by treatment. Synbiotic administration reduced (P = 0.061) the lipid content compared with C group, markedly (P < 0.05) with synbiotic SYN2. Meat from SYN1 birds displayed a higher (P < 0.01) content of saturated fatty acids (SFA), lower monounsaturated fatty acids (P < 0.05 compared only to SYN2), and lower (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), n-6 PUFA and n-3 PUFA compared to C and SYN2 groups. The ratio of n-6 to n-3 PUFA was affected by the synbiotic administration (P = 0.039). Meat from C and SYN2 groups displayed a higher (P < 0.01) ratio of PUFA to SFA and lower (P < 0.01) atherogenic and thrombogenic indices compared to SYN1. In conclusion, this study has shown that in ovo administration of synbiotics did not negatively affect slaughter performance and physicochemical properties of meat. However, meat from C and SYN2 birds showed a preferable fatty acid profile, with a positive effect on nutritional properties of chicken meat.

Effect of in ovo administration of different synbiotics on carcass and meat quality traits in broiler chickens

Tavaniello, S.;Mucci, R.;Ongwech, A.;Bednarczyk, M.;Maiorano, G.
2019

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of in ovo synbiotic administration on slaughter performance and meat quality traits of broiler chickens. On day 12 of incubation, 5,850 eggs (Cobb 500 FF) were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups and automatically injected in ovo with physiological saline (control, C) and 2 different synbiotic formulations (SYN1: Lactobacillus salivarius + galactooligosaccharides; SYN2: Lactobacillus plantarum + raffinose family oligosaccharides). After hatching, 240 males were randomly chosen (80 chicks per group) and split into 8 replicate pens (10 birds per pen). At 42 d of age, 15 birds per treatment were weighed and slaughtered. In ovo synbiotic administration had a low effect on investigated traits, but depends on the kind of synbiotic administered. Both synbiotic formulations did not affect final BW, weight, and yield of carcass and pectoral muscle (PM); likewise, physicochemical properties (pH, color, water holding capacity), intramuscular collagen properties, and cholesterol content of PM were not affected by treatment. Synbiotic administration reduced (P = 0.061) the lipid content compared with C group, markedly (P < 0.05) with synbiotic SYN2. Meat from SYN1 birds displayed a higher (P < 0.01) content of saturated fatty acids (SFA), lower monounsaturated fatty acids (P < 0.05 compared only to SYN2), and lower (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), n-6 PUFA and n-3 PUFA compared to C and SYN2 groups. The ratio of n-6 to n-3 PUFA was affected by the synbiotic administration (P = 0.039). Meat from C and SYN2 groups displayed a higher (P < 0.01) ratio of PUFA to SFA and lower (P < 0.01) atherogenic and thrombogenic indices compared to SYN1. In conclusion, this study has shown that in ovo administration of synbiotics did not negatively affect slaughter performance and physicochemical properties of meat. However, meat from C and SYN2 birds showed a preferable fatty acid profile, with a positive effect on nutritional properties of chicken meat.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/83930
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