The feasibility of utilizing CTAB–silica gelatin composite (C-SGC) to remove hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions under different conditions was investigated. Removal of chromate was assessed through evaluation of the adsorption kinetics of chromate ions on the composite under equilibrium conditions in the presence of sulfate ions and at a slightly acidic pH condition (pH 5.8). Adsorption competition tests in the presence of sulfate ions showed that Cr(VI) was still effectively adsorbed from aqueous solution regardless of the presence of the competing anions. In fact, the adsorption kinetics performed at different initial chromate concentrations were unaffected by the presence of 100 mg L-1sulfate ions (pH 7.5). The equilibrium adsorption data were fitted by Freundlich adsorption isotherms which confirmed that the adsorption efficiency of chromium on the CTAB–silica gelatin composite was unchanged in the presence of sulfate ions. Further, the adsorption process was shown to be pH depen- dent and more efficient at slightly acidic pH (5.8). These findings demonstrated a high specificity of the CTAB–silica gelatin composite for chromium, and highlight the possibility of using this matrix for effi- cient removal of chromium from industrial wastewater without the need to eliminate contaminant sulfate ions.

The feasibility of utilizing CTAB-silica gelatin composite (C-SGC) to remove hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions under different conditions was investigated. Removal of chromate was assessed through evaluation of the adsorption kinetics of chromate ions on the composite under equilibrium conditions in the presence of sulfate ions and at a slightly acidic pH condition (pH 5.8). Adsorption competition tests in the presence of sulfate ions showed that Cr(VI) was still effectively adsorbed from aqueous solution regardless of the presence of the competing anions. In fact, the adsorption kinetics performed at different initial chromate concentrations were unaffected by the presence of 100 mg L-1 sulfate ions (pH 7.5). The equilibrium adsorption data were fitted by Freundlich adsorption isotherms which confirmed that the adsorption efficiency of chromium on the CTAB-silica gelatin composite was unchanged in the presence of sulfate ions. Further, the adsorption process was shown to be pH dependent and more efficient at slightly acidic pH (5.8). These findings demonstrated a high specificity of the CTAB-silica gelatin composite for chromium, and highlight the possibility of using this matrix for efficient removal of chromium from industrial wastewater without the need to eliminate contaminant sulfate ions.

Effects of sulfate ions and slightly acidic pH conditions on Cr(VI) adsorption onto silica gelatin composite

CUOMO, Francesca;CEGLIE, Andrea;AMBROSONE, Luigi;LOPEZ, Francesco
2010-01-01

Abstract

The feasibility of utilizing CTAB-silica gelatin composite (C-SGC) to remove hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions under different conditions was investigated. Removal of chromate was assessed through evaluation of the adsorption kinetics of chromate ions on the composite under equilibrium conditions in the presence of sulfate ions and at a slightly acidic pH condition (pH 5.8). Adsorption competition tests in the presence of sulfate ions showed that Cr(VI) was still effectively adsorbed from aqueous solution regardless of the presence of the competing anions. In fact, the adsorption kinetics performed at different initial chromate concentrations were unaffected by the presence of 100 mg L-1 sulfate ions (pH 7.5). The equilibrium adsorption data were fitted by Freundlich adsorption isotherms which confirmed that the adsorption efficiency of chromium on the CTAB-silica gelatin composite was unchanged in the presence of sulfate ions. Further, the adsorption process was shown to be pH dependent and more efficient at slightly acidic pH (5.8). These findings demonstrated a high specificity of the CTAB-silica gelatin composite for chromium, and highlight the possibility of using this matrix for efficient removal of chromium from industrial wastewater without the need to eliminate contaminant sulfate ions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11695/7733
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