In this work unilamellar liposomes doped with a novel non-ionic 5′-Uridine-head nucleolipid, Lauroyl Uridine (LU), were prepared and characterized for their ability to interact with the polynucleotide polyadenylic acid (poly-A). Vesicles, were made up of the cationic lipid DOTAP (1,2-Dioleoyl-3-Trimethylammonium-Propane), the zwitterionic lipid DOPE (1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphoethanolamine), and the novel amphiphile Lauroyl Uridine. The influence of the non-ionic nucleolipid on essential liposomes properties, such as the structure and net charge was first investigated by a comparative analysis performed on the different lipoplex preparations by means of ζ-potential and size measurements. Both structure and net charge of liposomes were shown to be not modified by the presence of the non-ionic nucleolipid.The role of the synthetic lipid inserted as anchor in the liposome bilayer in the condensation process between vesicles and the polynucleotide poly-A was then analyzed by UV-vis, Circular Dichroism (CD) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies. The data presented comparative UV-vis analyses that evidenced the occurrence of staking interactions in the poly-A only in LU containing lipoplexes. CD and NMR studies indicated the presence of H-bonding interaction between Lauroyl Uridine containing vesicles and the polynucleotide poly-A. The results presented in this work support a role for Lauroyl Uridine in A-U molecular recognition, thus, suggesting that cationic liposomes doped with the non-ionic nucleolipid Lauroyl Uridine could represent a model system to study molecular interactions among single stranded polynucleotides and lipid anchor bearing the complementary bases.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.colsurfb.2010.08.025|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000285858200002|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-78649417298|
|Titolo:||Polyadenylic acid binding on cationic liposomes doped with the non-ionic nucleolipid Lauroyl Uridine|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|