: In this work, we present PharmaCore: a new, completely automatic workflow aimed at generating three-dimensional (3D) structure-based pharmacophore models toward any target of interest. The proposed approach relies on using cocrystallized ligands to create the input files for generating the pharmacophore hypotheses, integrating not only the three-dimensional structural information on the ligand but also data concerning the binding mode of these molecules put in the protein cavity. We developed a Python library that, starting from the specific UniProt ID of the protein under investigation as the only element that requires user intervention, subsequently collects and aligns the corresponding structures bearing a known ligand in a fully automated fashion, bringing them all into the same coordinate system. The protocol includes a final phase in which the aligned small molecules are used to produce the pharmacophore hypotheses directly onto the protein structure using a specific software, e.g., Phase (Schrödinger LLC). To validate the entire procedure and highlight the possible applications in the field of drug discovery and repositioning, we first generated pharmacophores for soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) and compared with already-published ones. Then, we reproduced the binding profile of a reported selective binder of ATAD2 bromodomain (AM879), testing it against a panel of 1741 pharmacophores related to 16 epigenetic proteins and automatically generated with PharmaCore, finally disclosing putative unprecedented off-targets. The computational predictions were successfully validated with AlphaScreen assays, highlighting the applicability of the proposed workflow in drug discovery and repositioning. Finally, the process was also validated on tankyrase 2 and SARS-CoV-2 MPro, confirming the robustness of PharmaCore.

PharmaCore: The Automatic Generation of 3D Structure-Based Pharmacophore Models from Protein/Ligand Complexes

Chini, Maria Giovanna;
2024-01-01

Abstract

: In this work, we present PharmaCore: a new, completely automatic workflow aimed at generating three-dimensional (3D) structure-based pharmacophore models toward any target of interest. The proposed approach relies on using cocrystallized ligands to create the input files for generating the pharmacophore hypotheses, integrating not only the three-dimensional structural information on the ligand but also data concerning the binding mode of these molecules put in the protein cavity. We developed a Python library that, starting from the specific UniProt ID of the protein under investigation as the only element that requires user intervention, subsequently collects and aligns the corresponding structures bearing a known ligand in a fully automated fashion, bringing them all into the same coordinate system. The protocol includes a final phase in which the aligned small molecules are used to produce the pharmacophore hypotheses directly onto the protein structure using a specific software, e.g., Phase (Schrödinger LLC). To validate the entire procedure and highlight the possible applications in the field of drug discovery and repositioning, we first generated pharmacophores for soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) and compared with already-published ones. Then, we reproduced the binding profile of a reported selective binder of ATAD2 bromodomain (AM879), testing it against a panel of 1741 pharmacophores related to 16 epigenetic proteins and automatically generated with PharmaCore, finally disclosing putative unprecedented off-targets. The computational predictions were successfully validated with AlphaScreen assays, highlighting the applicability of the proposed workflow in drug discovery and repositioning. Finally, the process was also validated on tankyrase 2 and SARS-CoV-2 MPro, confirming the robustness of PharmaCore.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11695/134709
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