Metal(loid) pollution of soils has important negative effects on the environment and human health. For the rehabilitation of these soils, some eco-innovative strategies, such as phytoremediation, could be chosen. This practice could establish a plant cover to reduce the toxicity of the pollutants and stabilize the soil, preventing soil erosion and water leaching; this technique is called phytoremediation. For this, plants need to be tolerant to the pollutants present; thus, phytoremediation can have better outcomes if endemic species of the polluted area are used. Finally, to further improve phytoremediation success, amendments can be applied to ameliorate soil conditions. Different amendments can be used, such as biochar, a good metal(loid) immobilizer, compost, a nutrient-rich product and iron sulfate, an efficient arsenic immobilizer. These amendments can either be applied alone or combined for further positive effects. In this context, a mesocosm experiment was performed to study the effects of three amendments, biochar, compost and iron sulfate, applied alone or combined to a former mine technosol, on the soil properties and the phytoremediation potential of two endemic species, Alnus sp. and Betula sp. Results showed that the different amendments reduced soil acidity and decreased metal(loid) mobility, thus improving plant growth. Both species were able to grow on the amended technosols, but alder seedlings had a much higher growth compared to birch seedlings. Finally, the combination of compost with biochar and/or iron sulfate and the establishment of endemic alder plants could be a solution to rehabilitate a former mine technosol.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00678-0|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000553720800001|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85088790597|
|Titolo:||Application of amendments for the phytoremediation of a former mine technosol by endemic pioneer species: alder and birch seedlings|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|