Malassezia includes yeasts belong to the subphylum Ustilaginomycotina within the Basidiomycota. Malassezia yeasts are commonly found as commensals on human and animal skin. Nevertheless, Malassezia species are also associated with several skin disorders, such as dandruff/seborrheic dermatitis, atopic eczema, pityriasis versicolor, and folliculitis. More recently, associations of Malassezia with Crohn's disease, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and cystic fibrosis pulmonary exacerbation have been reported. The increasing availability of genomic and molecular tools have played a crucial role in understanding the genetic basis of Malassezia commensalism and pathogenicity. In the present review we report genomics advances in Malassezia highlighting unique features that potentially impacted Malassezia biology and host adaptation. Furthermore, we describe the recently developed protocols for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation in Malassezia, and their applications for random insertional mutagenesis or targeted gene replacement strategies.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2020.00393|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000563189000001|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85089842932|
|Titolo:||Approaches for Genetic Discoveries in the Skin Commensal and Pathogenic Malassezia Yeasts|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|