Modified risk products (MRP) such as electronic vaping cigarettes (EVC) and heat-not-burn cigarettes (HNBC) are appealing alternatives to combustion cigarettes. Limited between-and within-device comparative data are available on MRP. We aimed at comparing indoor particulate matter (PM) emissions measured in a randomized trial enforcing standardized smoking sessions, testing different devices and flavors of MRP, using traditional combustion cigarettes (TCC) as benchmark. Overall, MRP yielded significantly lower levels of indoor PM in comparison to TCC (with median PM levels during smoking for MRP < 100 µg/m3, and for TCC > 1000 µg/m3). Despite this, significant differences among MRP were found, with Iqos appearing associated with a significantly lower burden of emissions for all the monitored fractions of PM, including total PM (all p < 0.05). Precisely, during use, PM ≤ 1 µm (PM1) emissions were 28 (16; 28) µg/m3 for Glo, 25 (15; 57) µg/m3 for Iqos, and 73 (15; 559) µg/m3 for Juul (p < 0.001 for Glo vs. Iqos, p <0.001 for Glo vs. Juul, and p = 0.045 for Iqos vs. Juul). Exploratory within-MRP analyses suggested significant differences between flavors, favoring, for instance, Ultramarine for Glo, Bronze for Iqos, and Mango for Juul, even if results varied substantially according to individual smoker. In conclusion, leading MRP have significantly less intense and persistent effects on indoor pollution in comparison to TCC. Yet, when focusing solely on MRP, between-product and between-flavor differences appear, with quantitative estimates suggesting lower polluting effects with Iqos. These results, if confirmed externally, could be used to individualize product and flavor choice to minimize the untoward effects of EVC and HNBC on indoor pollution.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176029|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000570361900001|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85089691751|
|Titolo:||Comparative indoor pollution from glo, iqos, and juul, using traditional combustion cigarettes as benchmark: Evidence from the randomized sur-vapes air trial|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|