Monitoring the spatial and temporal variability of yield crop traits using remote sensing techniques is the basis for the correct adoption of precision farming. Vegetation index images are mainly associated with yield and yield-related physiological traits, although quick and sound strategies for the classification of the areas with plants with homogeneous agronomic crop traits are still to be explored. A classification technique based on remote sensing spectral information analysis was performed to discriminate between wheat cultivars. The study analyzes the ability of the cluster method applied to the data of three vegetation indices (VIs) collected by high-resolution UAV at three different crop stages (seedling, tillering, and flowering), to detect the yield and yield component dynamics of seven durum wheat cultivars. Ground truth data were grouped according to the identified clusters for VI cluster validation. The yield crop variability recorded in the field at harvest showed values ranging from 2.55 to 7.90 t. The ability of the VI clusters to identify areas with similar agronomic characteristics for the parameters collected and analyzed a posteriori revealed an already important ability to detect areas with different yield potential at seedling (5.88 t ha−1 for the first cluster, 4.22 t ha−1 for the fourth). At tillering, an enormous difficulty in differentiating the less productive areas in particular was recorded (5.66 t ha−1 for cluster 1 and 4.74, 4.31, and 4.66 t ha−1 for clusters 2, 3, and 4, respectively). An excellent ability to group areas with the same yield production at flowering was recorded for the cluster 1 (6.44 t ha−1), followed by cluster 2 (5.6 t ha−1), cluster 3 (4.31 t ha−1), and cluster 4 (3.85 t ha−1). Agronomic crop traits, cultivars, and environmental variability were analyzed. The multiple uses of VIs have improved the sensitivity of k-means clustering for a new image segmentation strategy. The cluster method can be considered an effective and simple tool for the dynamic monitoring and assessment of agronomic traits in open field wheat crops.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs13040541|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85100625531|
|Titolo:||Vegetation indices data clustering for dynamic monitoring and classification of wheat yield crop traits|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|