Posterior eye segment diseases are treated through monthly intravitreal injections, that evoke serious side effects. A promising approach to reduce injection frequency consists in producing biodegradable microspheres (MPs) releasing the protein in the vitreous body for long times. Moreover, a rational design of these MPs requires a discouraged diffusion/sedimentation within the intravitreal space, which are detrimental for the vision and the control over drug release kinetics. In this work, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based MPs encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA) were coated with hyaluronic acid (HA) at two molecular weights and tested for their release, diffusion and degradation features in simulated vitreous body (SVB). Results indicate that HA corona prolongs MP degradation time and BSA release. Furthermore, HA coating increased the affinity between MPs and SVB, thereby repressing device transport compared to control PLGA MPs. Results hold promise for the possible application of HA-decorated MPs for intravitreal injection of protein drugs.

Drug micro-carriers with a hyaluronic acid corona toward a diffusion-limited aggregation within the vitreous body

Fusco S.;
2019

Abstract

Posterior eye segment diseases are treated through monthly intravitreal injections, that evoke serious side effects. A promising approach to reduce injection frequency consists in producing biodegradable microspheres (MPs) releasing the protein in the vitreous body for long times. Moreover, a rational design of these MPs requires a discouraged diffusion/sedimentation within the intravitreal space, which are detrimental for the vision and the control over drug release kinetics. In this work, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based MPs encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA) were coated with hyaluronic acid (HA) at two molecular weights and tested for their release, diffusion and degradation features in simulated vitreous body (SVB). Results indicate that HA corona prolongs MP degradation time and BSA release. Furthermore, HA coating increased the affinity between MPs and SVB, thereby repressing device transport compared to control PLGA MPs. Results hold promise for the possible application of HA-decorated MPs for intravitreal injection of protein drugs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/96352
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