Proto-industrialization and small towns in a rural Mediterranean landscape. Bojano and Larino in the Biferno Valley. The article intends to deepen the relationship between proto-industry and urban space in two small towns of Molise, a peripheral region of southern Italy which is characterized during the early modern and modern period by a weak infrastructural framework and by a process of industrialization which took place only during the second half of the 20th century. Along the valley of the Biferno river and in particular within the territories of the two municipalities of Bojano and Larino, which were settlements of significant political-economic and religious importance in ancient and medieval times, the presence of the proto-industry, linked to the transhumant herding practices, to the transformation of agro-food products and to the prevalent use of water and forest resources for the supply of raw materials and energy sources, is still attested in the late 19th century and in some cases survived until the second post-war period. Taking the Biferno river route, between the Apennine Massif of Matese and the Middle Adriatic coastal hinterland, as a geo-mofological unit of territorial reference, the article deepens the processes and evolutionary dynamics of the two small towns in relation to a form of proto-industrialization, which in Molise is rarely configured as a transition phenomenon to industrialization, according to Mendels’s model.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3280/SU2020-165005|
|Titolo:||Protoindustria e città minori in un paesaggio rurale del Mediterraneo. Bojano e Larino nella Valle del Biferno|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|