Background: Hand hygiene is considered as the most important strategy for preventing healthcare infections. Objective: In this single-arm study, skin tolerance, effectiveness and prolonged efficacy, and adherence to use an alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) solution among hospital nurses was evaluated. Methods: Nurses were recruited in the main hospital of Molise Region, Central Italy. Skin reactions during 12-week follow-up were self-reported by nurses and, when occurring examined by hospital dermatologist. Samples were collected from palms and fingertips before and after ABHR, also at random times during work. Results: Dermatological reactions were not reported by 20 nurses (15 female and 5 male, aged 30–59 years) after product use. Microbial counts decreased by 99% (2Log10) in 75%, with higher reduction in palm than fingertips (99% vs 70% respectively). Analysis of six randomly collected samples after 10–20 and 30–40 min from the last use showed a satisfactory prolonged efficacy. Discussion: Beyond high effectiveness to reduce transient microbiota, no skin reactions were observed, likely due to the camomile, thyme and eucalyptus extracts contained within the gel. This study, addressing technical questions of a commercialised product, provides useful information for public health authorities faced with a choice of hand disinfectants, evaluating cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit in the light of the huge amount of these products needed at hospital level.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757177419846295|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85073024837|
|Titolo:||A single-arm study to evaluate skin tolerance, effectiveness and adherence to use of an alcohol-based hand rub solution among hospital nurses|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|