Analysis of UV-visible spectra, performed on commercial riboflavin-based eye drops, showed that absorbance is a saturating function of vitamin concentration. This implies a threshold concentration, Ct, such that for riboflavin concentration > Ct the absorbance remains constant and the effectiveness of the eye drops is independent of the dose used. These experimental results were combined with a diffusion-reaction model to elucidate the mechanism of action within the cornea. The model predicts that the eye drops have a low effectiveness on UVB and UVC, while they have a good performance for UVA. Indeed, at the center of the cornea the transmittance is significantly reduced and after 1 h it is reduced by about 70% compared to a cornea devoid of eye drops.

Reaction-diffusion model as framework for understanding the role of riboflavin in "eye defence" formulations

Di Nezza F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Costagliola C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ambrosone L.
Conceptualization
2020-01-01

Abstract

Analysis of UV-visible spectra, performed on commercial riboflavin-based eye drops, showed that absorbance is a saturating function of vitamin concentration. This implies a threshold concentration, Ct, such that for riboflavin concentration > Ct the absorbance remains constant and the effectiveness of the eye drops is independent of the dose used. These experimental results were combined with a diffusion-reaction model to elucidate the mechanism of action within the cornea. The model predicts that the eye drops have a low effectiveness on UVB and UVC, while they have a good performance for UVA. Indeed, at the center of the cornea the transmittance is significantly reduced and after 1 h it is reduced by about 70% compared to a cornea devoid of eye drops.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11695/92328
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