Many strategies are under investigation to reduce the environmental impact of the building stock. Among them,the implementation of optimal operation strategies of the HVAC (heating, ventilating and air conditioning)systems plays a fundamental role because it can produce substantial energy-economic savings and increment ofthermal comfort. In this vein, a weather-data-based control framework is here proposed to provide optimalheating operation strategies easily applicable to a huge number of buildings. It works by coupling EnergyPlusand MATLAB®to run a multi-objective genetic algorithm and proposes a novel approach for multi-criteria de-cision-making. This latter addresses characteristic days (i.e., average cold days, average days and average hotdays) of weather datafiles with the aim to provide monthly heating strategies that ensure the best compromisebetween running cost and thermal discomfort. As case studies, the proposed framework is applied to a residentialbuilding, representative of the Italian building stock from 1961 to 1975. In order to cover most of the Italianterritory, four different cities are considered: Palermo (climatic zone B), Naples (C), Florence (D) and Milan (E).The achieved cost reduction is included between 6% (Milan) and 34% (Palermo), while the thermal comfort isnot penalized. Finally, the framework provides practical indications ready to be easily applied to the Italianresidential stock to achieve a significant and widespread improvement of energy performance.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114384|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000498306600061|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85072267128|
|Titolo:||Weather-data-based control of space heating operation via multi-objective optimization: Application to Italian residential buildings|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|