Vital dyes are used both in intra-operative and diagnostic ophthalmology as liquid solutions wherein dyes self-associate reducing their effects. Hence, an efficient dyes-delivery system is required to carry the maximum fraction of dye administered to the target site. In this study primarily two aspects of indocyanine green, patent blue V and brilliant blue G have been investigated. First, band profiles of UV–Vis absorption and emission spectra, acquired as a function of dye concentration in buffer solutions(pH = 7.4), have been analyzed to calculate the dimerization constant. Results demonstrate that their self-assembly properties have to be correlated to the molecular polarization. Second, the vital dyes have been loaded into liposomes prepared with the thin-film hydration method followed by extrusion. Encapsulation efficiency has been calculated to be 30%. Scanning electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering measurements have revealed that dye inclusion reduces the liposome diameter. Activation energy of liposome diffusion has been extracted by Arrhenius plots. Zeta potential measurements as a temperature function have been exploited to evaluate a dimensionless surface charge and prove that ratio charge(dye-loaded liposome)-to-charge(blank liposome) is always greater than unity and decreases with temperature.

A physicochemical study of ophthalmology vital dyes: From dimerization equilibrium in buffer solution to their liposomal dispersions

Di Nezza F.;Costagliola C.;Bufalo G.;Ambrosone L.
2019

Abstract

Vital dyes are used both in intra-operative and diagnostic ophthalmology as liquid solutions wherein dyes self-associate reducing their effects. Hence, an efficient dyes-delivery system is required to carry the maximum fraction of dye administered to the target site. In this study primarily two aspects of indocyanine green, patent blue V and brilliant blue G have been investigated. First, band profiles of UV–Vis absorption and emission spectra, acquired as a function of dye concentration in buffer solutions(pH = 7.4), have been analyzed to calculate the dimerization constant. Results demonstrate that their self-assembly properties have to be correlated to the molecular polarization. Second, the vital dyes have been loaded into liposomes prepared with the thin-film hydration method followed by extrusion. Encapsulation efficiency has been calculated to be 30%. Scanning electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering measurements have revealed that dye inclusion reduces the liposome diameter. Activation energy of liposome diffusion has been extracted by Arrhenius plots. Zeta potential measurements as a temperature function have been exploited to evaluate a dimensionless surface charge and prove that ratio charge(dye-loaded liposome)-to-charge(blank liposome) is always greater than unity and decreases with temperature.
http://www.journals.elsevier.com/dyes-and-pigments/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/87559
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