Magnetite nanoparticles (NPs) were synthetized by partial oxidation of hot Fe(II) sulfate aqueous solutions upon addition of variable amounts of alkali/nitrate ions in a N 2 atmosphere. The resulting NPs were extensively characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. Depending on the final pH after synthesis, partially oxidized magnetite NPs were obtained with average crystallite size ranging from 29 to 116 nm. The potential of NPs as arsenic adsorbents was investigated through batch adsorption experiments. The analysis of the adsorption isotherms performed on the basis of both Freundlich and Langmuir models, revealed that arsenic adsorption capacity was more efficient for magnetite NPs synthetized at final pH ≤ 6.56, characterized by polydisperse submicrometric aggregates with coarse macro- and mesopore distributions.

Characterization of magnetite nanoparticles synthetized from Fe(II)/nitrate solutions for arsenic removal from water

Di Iorio, Erika;Colombo, Claudio;Angelico, Ruggero
2019

Abstract

Magnetite nanoparticles (NPs) were synthetized by partial oxidation of hot Fe(II) sulfate aqueous solutions upon addition of variable amounts of alkali/nitrate ions in a N 2 atmosphere. The resulting NPs were extensively characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. Depending on the final pH after synthesis, partially oxidized magnetite NPs were obtained with average crystallite size ranging from 29 to 116 nm. The potential of NPs as arsenic adsorbents was investigated through batch adsorption experiments. The analysis of the adsorption isotherms performed on the basis of both Freundlich and Langmuir models, revealed that arsenic adsorption capacity was more efficient for magnetite NPs synthetized at final pH ≤ 6.56, characterized by polydisperse submicrometric aggregates with coarse macro- and mesopore distributions.
http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-environmental-chemical-engineering/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/85637
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