Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) were introduced into the market in 2006 and their technological features have evolved substantially over time. Currently, there are four different generations of e-cigs that are broadly considered less harmful than the use of combusted tobacco products although passive exposure to aerosols often occurs in public spaces and indoor environments. The study aim was to evaluate the levels of airborne particulate matter (PM) emitted during the use of all the four generations of e-cigs, testing different use modalities. PM10, PM4, PM2.5and PM1were measured through a Dusttrak ™ II Aerosol Monitor, for a total of 20 independent experiments. All tested e-cigs devices produced PM during their use, and PM10was almost made of PM1size fraction. In addition, we observed a progressive increase in PM emission from the first to the fourth generation, and an upward trend of PM1emitted by the fourth generation e-cig with an increase in the operating power. The results showed that, whatever the model adopted, passive vaping does occur. This finding supports the need for legislative interventions to regulate the e-cigs use in public places and other enclosed environments, in order to protect the health of any subject who is potentially exposed.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102172|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000448818100114|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85054456718|
|Titolo:||Environmental electronic vape exposure from four different generations of electronic cigarettes: Airborne particulate matter levels|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|