Fep1, the iron-dependent GATA-type transcriptional repressor of the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris, has a dimeric structure and binds an iron–sulfur cluster of the [2Fe–2S] type. In this work, we extend the characterization of this protein by analysis of the optical and CD spectroscopic properties of a set of mutants where cysteines within the conserved Cys-X5-Cys-X8-Cys-X2-Cys motif have been targeted, in order to evaluate their role as [2Fe–2S] ligands. The results suggest that all four cysteine residues are essential because replacing them with serines in different combinations invariably produces a protein unable to correctly bind the [2Fe–2S] cluster.

Mutational Analysis of the Cysteine-Rich Region of the Iron-Responsive GATA Factor Fep1. Role of Individual Cysteines as [2Fe–2S] Cluster Ligands

Patti, Maria Carmela Bonaccorsi di;Cutone, Antimo;Musci, Giovanni
2018

Abstract

Fep1, the iron-dependent GATA-type transcriptional repressor of the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris, has a dimeric structure and binds an iron–sulfur cluster of the [2Fe–2S] type. In this work, we extend the characterization of this protein by analysis of the optical and CD spectroscopic properties of a set of mutants where cysteines within the conserved Cys-X5-Cys-X8-Cys-X2-Cys motif have been targeted, in order to evaluate their role as [2Fe–2S] ligands. The results suggest that all four cysteine residues are essential because replacing them with serines in different combinations invariably produces a protein unable to correctly bind the [2Fe–2S] cluster.
http://www.springerlink.com/content/120551/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/80886
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