Ceruloplasmin is a multicopper oxidase required for correct iron homeostasis.Previously, we have identified a ceruloplasmin mutant associated with the iron overload disease aceruloplasminemia, which was unable to acquire copper from themammalian pump ATP7B but could be produced in an enzymatically active form in yeast. Here, we report the expression of recombinant ceruloplasmin in the yeast Pichia pastoris and the study of the role of five surface-exposed loops in copper incorporation by comparing the efficiencies of mammalian ATP7B and yeast Ccc2p. The possibility to “mix and match” mammalian and yeast multicopper oxidases and copper ATPases can provide clues on the molecular features underlying the process of copper loading in multicopper oxidases.
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