Cross talk between unrelated cell surface receptors, such as G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) and receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), is a crucial signaling mechanism to expand the cellular communication network. We investigated the ability of the GPCR formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) to transactivate the RTK epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in CaLu-6 cells. We observed that stimulation with WKYMVm, an FPRL1 agonist isolated by screening synthetic peptide libraries, induces EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation, p47phox phosphorylation, NADPH-oxidase-dependent superoxide generation, and c-Src kinase activity. As a result of EGFR transactivation, phosphotyrosine residues provide docking sites for recruitment and triggering of the STAT3 pathway.WKYMVm-inducedEGFRtransactivation is prevented by the FPRL1-selective antagonistWRWWWW, by pertussis toxin (PTX), and by the c-Src inhibitor PP2. The critical role of NADPH-oxidase-dependent superoxide generation in this cross-talk mechanism is corroborated by the finding that apocynin or a siRNA against p22phox prevents EGFR transactivation and c-Src kinase activity. In addition, WKYMVm promotes CaLu-6 cell growth, which is prevented by PTX and by WRWWWW. These results highlight the role of FPRL1 as a potential target of new drugs and suggest that targeting both FPRL1 and EGFR may yield superior therapeutic effects compared with targeting either receptor separately.

NADPH-oxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species mediate EGFR transactivation by FPRL1 in WKYMVm-stimulated human lung cancer cells.

GUERRA, Germano;
2011

Abstract

Cross talk between unrelated cell surface receptors, such as G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) and receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), is a crucial signaling mechanism to expand the cellular communication network. We investigated the ability of the GPCR formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) to transactivate the RTK epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in CaLu-6 cells. We observed that stimulation with WKYMVm, an FPRL1 agonist isolated by screening synthetic peptide libraries, induces EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation, p47phox phosphorylation, NADPH-oxidase-dependent superoxide generation, and c-Src kinase activity. As a result of EGFR transactivation, phosphotyrosine residues provide docking sites for recruitment and triggering of the STAT3 pathway.WKYMVm-inducedEGFRtransactivation is prevented by the FPRL1-selective antagonistWRWWWW, by pertussis toxin (PTX), and by the c-Src inhibitor PP2. The critical role of NADPH-oxidase-dependent superoxide generation in this cross-talk mechanism is corroborated by the finding that apocynin or a siRNA against p22phox prevents EGFR transactivation and c-Src kinase activity. In addition, WKYMVm promotes CaLu-6 cell growth, which is prevented by PTX and by WRWWWW. These results highlight the role of FPRL1 as a potential target of new drugs and suggest that targeting both FPRL1 and EGFR may yield superior therapeutic effects compared with targeting either receptor separately.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/7479
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