Lactobacillus gasseri SF1183 belongs to a subpopulation of bacteria tightly associated to the human ileal epithelium. Cells of SF1183 survive and grow in simulated intestinal and gastric conditions, have a strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-positives and Gram-negatives and secrete molecule(s) sensed by human intestinal cells. We report that the oral administration of SF1183 cells had a protective effect in a murine model of DSS (Dextran-Sulfate-Sodium)-induced colitis. The analysis of the intestinal microbial composition indicated that several bacterial genera were differently represented in the intestine of DSS-treated animals. An overall similar alteration was observed in the microbiota of DSS-treated animals that received SF1183, suggesting that the beneficial role of the probiotic was not played through a reshuffling of the intestinal flora. Based on our in vivo data we propose the SF1183 strain of L. gasseri as a new anti-inflammatory probiotic, potentially useful as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of IBDs.

Lactobacillus gasseri SF1183 protects the intestinal epithelium and prevents colitis symptoms in vivo

Bucci, A.;Naclerio, G.;
2018

Abstract

Lactobacillus gasseri SF1183 belongs to a subpopulation of bacteria tightly associated to the human ileal epithelium. Cells of SF1183 survive and grow in simulated intestinal and gastric conditions, have a strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-positives and Gram-negatives and secrete molecule(s) sensed by human intestinal cells. We report that the oral administration of SF1183 cells had a protective effect in a murine model of DSS (Dextran-Sulfate-Sodium)-induced colitis. The analysis of the intestinal microbial composition indicated that several bacterial genera were differently represented in the intestine of DSS-treated animals. An overall similar alteration was observed in the microbiota of DSS-treated animals that received SF1183, suggesting that the beneficial role of the probiotic was not played through a reshuffling of the intestinal flora. Based on our in vivo data we propose the SF1183 strain of L. gasseri as a new anti-inflammatory probiotic, potentially useful as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of IBDs.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/74305
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
social impact