Soil contamination by metal(loid)s is one of the most important environmental problem. It leads to loss of environment biodiversity and soil functions and can have harmful effects on human health. Therefore, contaminated soils could be remediated, using phytoremediation. Indeed, plant growth will improve soil conditions while accumulating metal(loid)s and modifying their mobility. However, due to the poor fertility and high metal(loid)s levels of these soils, amendments, like biochar, has to be applied. This study was performed on a former mine technosol contaminated by As and Pb and aimed to study (i) the effect of biochar on soil physico-chemical properties and plant phytostabilization potential (ii) biochar feedstock and particle size effects. In this goal, a mesocosm experiment was set up using four different biochars, obtained from two feedstocks (lightwood and pinewood) and harboring two particle sizes (inf. 0.1 mm and 0.2â0.4 mm) and two Salicaceae species. Soil and soil pore water physico-chemical properties as well as plant growth and metal(loid)s distribution were assessed. The results showed that biochar was efficient in improving soil physico-chemical properties and reducing Pb soil pore water concentrations. This amelioration allowed plant growth and increased dry weight production of both species. Regarding metal(loid)s distribution, willow and poplar showed an As and Pb accumulation in roots and low translocation towards edible parts, i.e stems and leaves, which shows a phytostabilization potential. Finally, the 2 biochar parameters, feedstock and particle size, only affected soil and soil pore water physico-chemical properties while having no effect on plant growth.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.11.113|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000423890700034|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85036536733|
|Titolo:||Assisted phytostabilization of a multicontaminated mine technosol using biochar amendment: Early stage evaluation of biochar feedstock and particle size effects on As and Pb accumulation of two Salicaceae species (Salix viminalis and Populus euramericana)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|