In this study the characterization of various types of sugar residues in normal, keratoconus and crosslinked human corneas was performed using immunohistochemical localization with lectins. Corneal samples were collected and divided into three groups: (1) normal corneas from cadavers; (2) keratoconic corneal buttons; (3) keratoconic corneal buttons treated with cross-linking. A series of lectins including: DBA, SBA, PNA, ConA, WGA, UEA I, GNA, DSA, MAA, SNA, were used in combination with chemical and enzymatic treatments. Compared with the normal corneas, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine increased in the keratoconus corneas. L-fucose increased and/or appeared in the keratoconus and the cross-linked corneas. N-acetyl-D-galactosamine was more abundant in the epithelium of keratoconus corneas, but was lacking in the keratoconus and cross-linked endothelium. D-galactose-(b1-4)-Nacetyl- D-glucosamine was absent in the whole stroma of the keratoconus corneas and in the deep layers of the cross-linked ones. Sialic acids increased in the keratoconus corneas and decreased in the cross-linked ones. These results showed altered glycosylation in the keratoconic corneas and partially similar glycosylation in the cross-linked corneas, compared to the normal ones. This suggests a role played by sugar residues in maintaining the corneal structure. The changes could be related to structural alterations in keratoconus. The present findings contribute to our understanding of the effect of cross-linking treatment of keratoconic corneas in therapeutic attempts to re-establish the normal corneal structure.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.acthis.2009.12.003|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000289664400013|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-79952007973|
|Titolo:||Lectin binding in normal, keratoconus and cross-linked human corneas|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|