As the preservation of the fertilizing capacity of rabbit spermatozoa for several days after semen collection remains a major target for the artificial insemination programs of rabbit breeding, a study was conducted to compare the efficacy of 5 or 15C as holding temperature in lengthening the preservability of rabbit semen quality during 192 h of storage both in a solid (Cunigel) and a liquid (Tris-Citric acid-Glucose; TCG) extender. Six pooled semen samples (two ejaculates ⁄ male; two–three males ⁄ pool) were taken and made four aliquots: two aliquots were tenfold diluted with the TCG extender, whereas the other two were tenfold diluted with the Cunigel extender. One aliquot per diluent was stored at 5C and the second one at 15C. Sperm motility (light microscope), viability (SyBr-PI staining), plasma membrane functional integrity (Hypo-osmotic swelling test) and acrosome integrity (PSA–FITC staining) were recorded at 0, 48, 120 and 192 h of storage. In liquid-stored spermatozoa, mass motility and viability were significantly higher (p £ 0.05) in samples stored at 5C than at 15C at all the storage times; at 5C resulted also higher (p £ 0.05) the percentages of both forward motility at 48 h and sperm functional integrity at 120 and 192 h of storage, whereas chilling temperature did not affect acrosome integrity. With the Cunigel extender, all the semen qualitative parameters were significantly higher in sample stored at 5 than 15C over storage time (p £ 0.05); only acrosome integrity at 192 h was not different according to the chilling temperatures. In conclusion, 5C were better than 15C for the long-term storage of rabbit semen both in the TCG and Cunigel extender.