We have studied the effects of treatment with recombinant human (rh)IL-6 on clinical, histological and immunological parameters of protracted relapsing (PR) experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in DA rats. rhIL-6 (50 microg/rat subcutaneously/day) was given under three different regimens, as early prophylaxis, from 1 day prior to 14 days after immunization, in late prophylaxis, from day +7 until day 21 post-immunization (p.i.) and therapeutically to rats with clinical signs of EAE from day 14 to day 28 p.i. Although rhIL-6 failed to modulate the course of PR-EAE when administered as the early prophylactic regimen, it exerted clear-cut favourable effects on the course of the disease if was administered either as later prophylactic or as therapeutic treatment. Under these conditions, rhIL-6 accelerated recovery from EAE attacks and reduced/milded subsequent EAE episodes as compared to either PBS- or heat-inactivated rhIL-6-treated control rats. In agreement with this clinical effect, relative to PBS-treated rats, the animals injected with rhIL-6 exhibited lower numbers of MHC class II(+) and CD4(+) cells in their spinal cords. rhIL-6-treatment also profoundly modulated the endogenous cytokine network, the treated rats displaying increased numbers of spleen cells expressing mRNA transcripts of the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and TGF-beta along with simultaneously reduced numbers of mRNAs for TNF-alpha. In addition, upon ex vivo exposure to either myelin basic protein peptide 63-88 (MBP63-88) or to phytoaemagglutinin A, the numbers of IFN-gamma secreting splenocytes was also significantly reduced (ELISPOT analysis) in rhIL-6-treated rats as compared to PBS-treated controls.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0165-5728(01)00301-0|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||000170148400005|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0035362566|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|