Introduction Anaemia in patients with trochanteric fracture is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and it is an independent risk factor for functional mobility of patients. Several authors have reported the blood loss following operative treatment comparing different fixation systems but few authors have evaluated many associated variables that could influence the perioperative blood loss. Purpose To evaluate the blood loss in patients that had their trochanteric fracture stabilized with dynamic hip screw (DHS) or Gamma nail. Multivariate analysis of different variables that can influence blood loss was carried out (type of fracture, antiaggregant or anticoagulant therapy, time to surgery). The hypothesis was that there is no difference in terms of blood loss in patients with trochanteric fracture treated with DHS or Gamma nail considering all these variables. Materials & Methods Perioperative blood loss was evaluated in 417 consecutive patients treated for trochanteric fracture with DHS or Gamma nail between January 2010 and March 2013. The perioperative blood loss was calculated using the Lisander formula modified by Foss-Kehlet based on pre- and post-operative haemoglobin values and transfusion rates. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed integrating the following variables: type of fracture (A1 vs A2), antiaggregant/anticoagulant therapy vs no therapy, time to surgery (<24 vs >24 hours from trauma), type of implant (DHS vs Gamma nail). Results A significant blood loss (p <0.05) was observed between A1 and A2 fracture types (1247 ml vs 1796.7 ml), antiaggregant/anticoagulant therapy and no therapy (1592.7 ml vs 1470.2 ml), time-to-surgery <24 and >24 hours from trauma (1584.4 ml vs 1323.9 ml), DHS and Gamma nail (894.7 ml vs 1720.6 ml). At multivariate analysis, in the A1 fracture groups the DHS showed a significant lower blood loss compared to Gamma nail (p < 0.05). Conclusions According to the perioperative blood loss, DHS should be used in A1 fractures while Gamma nail can be taking in account for the unstable A2 fractures.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-1383(17)30657-5|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000415934500009|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85030766397|
|Titolo:||Blood loss in trochanteric fractures: multivariate analysis comparing dynamic hip screw and Gamma nail|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|