P40 is a particulate fraction or fragment isolated from Corynebacterium granulosum, which exhibits a wide spectrum of pharmacological functions including antitumor, antibacterial, phagocytic, antiviral and cytokine induction effects. In the present study, the immunomodulatory potential of P40-conjugated with hyaluronic acid was assessed in a mouse model of dermatitis induced by oxazolone. Oxazolone-induced allergic contact dermatitis is a T cell-mediated Th2-like hypersensitivity reaction, which mimics the corresponding reaction in humans. Female cluster of differentiation-1 mice were sensitized on days 0 and 1 by the application of 2% oxazolone onto a shaved back. The disease was induced by re-challenge on day 7 using 15% oxazolone in the inner and outer of the left ears of the mice. Mice were topically treated with hyaluronic acid-P40 conjugate cream or with placebo to the inner and outer surface of the left ear for 7 consecutive days starting from 1 h after the sensitization. A significant reduction in ear thickness and weight and in edema and leukocyte recruitment were observed in the mice treated with hyaluronic-P40 conjugate cream compared with mice treated with the cream base alone (P<0.05). Thus, P40-conjugated with hyaluronic acid may constitute an innovative dermatitis treatment.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3892/etm.2017.4810|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000408596900005|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85026638033|
|Titolo:||Evaluation of hyaluronic acid-P40 conjugated cream in a mouse model of dermatitis induced by oxazolone|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|