Technology transfer, scientific research and education could have a key role in Mediterranean regions, in order to reduce the environmental impact of the building sector. Recently, the Department of Engineering of University of Sannio has developed a laboratory suitable for performing researches on the dynamic interactions between building envelope components, indoor environment and mechanical systems for a typical climate of south of Italy. The work described within this paper is a part of this large-scale project. Its goals are: (a) to design, test and validate a poly-equipped test room, (b) to perform transient tests to determine performances of common and innovative building components and alternative HVAC systems. More in detail, this paper focuses on the first goal, with the aim to generalize the design approach, requirements and capabilities of calibrated outdoor test facilities, specifically thought for Mediterranean climate. The facility has undergone a substantial amount of characterization tests, aimed at determining its response under yearly operations. The primary conclusions are that the new test facility is usable for a wide range of environmental and indoor conditions, it is functional and has been validated through characterization and preliminary investigations of the behavior of the thermal envelope. Moreover, some experimental results are here analyzed, by evidencing the potentialities of vacuum insulation panels for improving the performances of the thermal envelope, for what concerns both winter and summer seasons. Then, some numerical analyses have been carried out. A 3D CFD model has been calibrated for studying the real distribution of temperatures and water vapor partial pressures within VIP panels. Furthermore, a dynamic energy model of the test cell has been developed by means of Energy Plus, with the aim to use its capability to compare potential configurations that would be installed in future researches, or to evaluate energy, environmental and economic issues.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.05.044|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000381529300038|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84974571292|
|Titolo:||MATRIX, a multi activity test-room for evaluating the energy performances of 'building/HVAC' systems in Mediterranean climate: Experimental set-up and CFD/BPS numerical modeling|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|