A battery of horseradish peroxidase-conjugated lectins (PNA, SBA, DBA, WGA, ConA, LTA and UEAI] was used to study the distribution of glycoconjugate sugar residues in the exocrine and endocrine pancreas of chick embryos, 1- day-old chicks and adult animals. During the period of incubation considered here, the time of appearance and changes in the oligosaccharides were noted in the acinar cells, in the endocrine cells of the 'light islets' and in the capillary endothelial cells. In the developing exocrine pancreas, the basolateral surface of the acinar cells reacted with PNA, WGA, LTA and ConA for the entire period of incubation while SBA, WGA, LTA and ConA reactivity was detected in the apical plasma membrane. Zymogen granule membrane reacted with PNA, WGA and LTA from the 12th day onward, while ConA reactivity was detectable from the 7th day onward. Owing to its early appearance, α-D- mannose, revealed by ConA lectin, might in some way contribute to the maturation of the zymogen granule. In the 1-day-old chick and in the adult the cellular surface reacted with WGA and ConA. The zymogen granule membrane reacted with PNA, WGA and ConA in the 1-day-old chick. In the adult, WGA and ConA reactivity was observed in the zymogen granule membrane, whereas at this site PNA reactivity was revealed only after neuraminidase digestion. The hypothesis formulated by others that granule membrane lectin reactivity is equal to the apical membrane reactivity, owing to exocytotic processes, is not consistent with our results in the chick embryos, the 1-day-old chick and the adults. The surface and the granules of the islet β cells in different periods of incubation reacted with WGA, SBA and, after neuraminidase treatment, with PNA. The same reactivity was seen also in 1-day-old chick while in the adult the granules of the β cells also reacted with ConA. These findings show the achievement of an almost adult-like state of glycosylation of the glycoconjugates in the β cells at an early stages of development.
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1997XD15700009|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0343118821|
|Titolo:||Glycoconjugate saccharides moietes of the exocrine and endocrine pancreas in the chick embryo, newborn and adult animal|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|