3D inspection process is getting more and more interest for manufacturing industries as it helps to carefully check the expected quality of the released products. Much more attention is oriented to optical devices able to quickly capture the whole shape of the product providing many useful information on the process variability and the deliverability of the key characteristics linked to the quality of the product/process. Although the optical control of 3D scanners is mature enough, many factors may influence the quality of the scanned data. These factors may be strictly related to internal elements to the acquisition device, such as scanner resolution and accuracy, and external to it, such as proper selection of scanning parameters, ambient lighting and characteristics of the object surface being scanned (e.g. surface colour, glossiness, roughness, shape), as well as the sensor-to-surface relative position. For the 3D laser-based scanners, the most common on the market, it would be of great industrial interest to study some scanning factors mainly affecting the quality of the 3D surface acquisitions and provide users with guidelines in order to correctly set them so to increase the massive usage of these systems in the product inspection activities. In this context, by using a commercial triangulation 3D laser scanner, the effects of some scanning factors that may affect the measurement process were analysed in the present paper. Working on a sheet metal test part, more complex than the ones commonly used in laboratory and documented in the literature, the scanner-to-object relative orientation and the ambient lighting, as well as an internal scanner parameter, were tested. Through a Design of Experiments (DoE) approach, and setting root mean square error (RMSE) as response function, the outcomes of the tests mainly pointed out that the scanner-to-object relative orientation as well as its position within the field of view of the measurement device are the key factors mostly influencing the accuracy of the measurement process.

On the influence of scanning factors on the laser scanner-based 3D inspection process

GERBINO, Salvatore;
2016-01-01

Abstract

3D inspection process is getting more and more interest for manufacturing industries as it helps to carefully check the expected quality of the released products. Much more attention is oriented to optical devices able to quickly capture the whole shape of the product providing many useful information on the process variability and the deliverability of the key characteristics linked to the quality of the product/process. Although the optical control of 3D scanners is mature enough, many factors may influence the quality of the scanned data. These factors may be strictly related to internal elements to the acquisition device, such as scanner resolution and accuracy, and external to it, such as proper selection of scanning parameters, ambient lighting and characteristics of the object surface being scanned (e.g. surface colour, glossiness, roughness, shape), as well as the sensor-to-surface relative position. For the 3D laser-based scanners, the most common on the market, it would be of great industrial interest to study some scanning factors mainly affecting the quality of the 3D surface acquisitions and provide users with guidelines in order to correctly set them so to increase the massive usage of these systems in the product inspection activities. In this context, by using a commercial triangulation 3D laser scanner, the effects of some scanning factors that may affect the measurement process were analysed in the present paper. Working on a sheet metal test part, more complex than the ones commonly used in laboratory and documented in the literature, the scanner-to-object relative orientation and the ambient lighting, as well as an internal scanner parameter, were tested. Through a Design of Experiments (DoE) approach, and setting root mean square error (RMSE) as response function, the outcomes of the tests mainly pointed out that the scanner-to-object relative orientation as well as its position within the field of view of the measurement device are the key factors mostly influencing the accuracy of the measurement process.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00170-015-7830-7
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11695/5984
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