THE “IGNORANT MACHIAVELLI” IN THE MANUSCRIPT OF THE FIRST DEMOCRATES BY JUAN GINÉS DE SEPÚLVEDA E IN THE ELOGIA BY PAOLO GIOVIO. Keywords: Machiavelli, Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, Paolo Giovio The first critique that we find today regarding Machiavelli’s doctrines are to be found in Democrates primus by J.G. Sepúlveda. However, two different versions of this critique exist: the first one is found in the manuscript while the other in print. The author reflects, first of all, on the reasons that induced Sepúlveda to omit Machiavelli’s name in the printed version, while maintaining his criticism on his doctrine. In the second part, the author’s attention is concentrated on the content of the parts omitted: in the manuscript a particular depiction of Machiavelli is given, on one hand portrayed as shrewd and not lacking in intelligence, yet, on the other hand as “ignorant,” uneducated. In those few lines, we find several characteristics which will once again find represented in the portrait of the Florentine proposed in Elogia by Paolo Giovio. The motive of “familiarity” which relates the two texts are to be found in the biographies of Sepúlveda and Giovio, who both attended the court of Clement VII and who were both under different circumstances witnesses and protagonists of the same events.