Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate rate and predictive factors of loss of remission and disease flare in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) receiving antitumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment. Methods. In this retrospective multicenter study, patients with axSpA, according to the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria, treated with adalimumab, etanercept, or infliximab with a minimum followup of 12 months and satisfying the ASAS partial remission criteria and/or Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) inactive disease were studied. Disease flare was defined as a Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index score > 4.5 or ASDAS score > 2.5 on at least 1 occasion. Results. One hundred seventy-four patients with axSpA were studied. After a median [interquartile range (IQR)] followup of 4 years (2-6), 37 patients (21.2%) experienced a loss of remission and 28 (16.1% of the whole study group) a disease flare. Median (IQR) duration of remission in patients who lost this status was 1 year (0.625-2). Higher median erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) values, continuous nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use, and an ASDAS-CRP ≥ 0.8 during the remission period were significantly associated with both loss of remission and disease flare. At the multivariate analysis, continuous NSAID intake (OR 4.05, 95% CI 1.4-11.74, p = 0.010) and ESR > 15 (OR 2.90, 95% CI 1.23-6.82, p = 0.015) were the only factors predictive of disease reactivation. Conclusion. In this study, loss of remission and disease flares occurred, respectively, in about 21% and 16% of the patients with axSpA who achieved a state of remission while receiving anti-TNF therapy. Residual disease activity was associated with disease reactivation.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3899/jrheum.160363|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000380882300015|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84982794747|
|Titolo:||Predictors of loss of remission and disease flares in patients with axial spondyloarthritis receiving antitumor necrosis factor treatment: A retrospective study|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|