Mating disruption with a high density of sex pheromone dispensers is a new strategy recently developed for the control of the moth Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermu¨ ller) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Ecodian LB dispensers, made of low-cost biodegradable material, were formulated with 10 mg of (E,Z)-7,9-dodecadienyl acetate and placed at a rate of 1,600 dispensers per ha. Seasonal dispenser performances were studied using different methods. The female attractiveness disruption and the efficacy of the method were evaluated in the field. The release rates of field-aged Ecodian LB dispensers, measured directly by solid phase microextraction, was comparable with that of the standard monitoring lure after 50-60 d of field exposure and significantly lower beyond 60 d; however, at the end of the season, it was 46 times higher than that of a calling L. botrana female. Electroantennographic recordings showed that dispensers of different Þeld age strongly stimulated male antennae. In a wind tunnel test, dispensers elicited close-range approaches and direct source contacts irrespective of their age. In fields treated with Ecodian dispensers the attractiveness of traps lured with calling females and monitoring baits was signiÞcantly reduced. Our data suggest that Ecodian dispensers are active sources of pheromone throughout the season. The efÞcacy of Ecodian strategy for L. botrana control was comparable with standard mating disruption and curative insecticides.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||0022-0493/08/0444-0450$04.00/0|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||000258337100027|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-42449154264|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|