High rates of youth unemployment in many European Union countries do not have to be attributed exclusively to the economic crisis but to imperfections in the labour market. In particular, to the mismatch between the requirements of companies and the skills offered by new entrants to the labour market, who are often poorly prepared to face the transition from full -time education to the world of work. In order to reduce youth unemployment to “natural” levels it is necessary, in many European countries, to implement reforms to systems of education and training that are geared towards the world of work. It is also important to introduce scholastic and professional orientation schemes in addition to work placement programmes in every level of education.
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