"Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are members of the cellular receptors that constitute a major component of the evolutionary conserved pattern recognition system (PRR). TLRs are expressed in a wide variety of tissues and cell types. In this study we compared the expression profiles of the chicken TLR1, TLR2 and TLR5 genes in a range of organs (lung, ovary, liver, thymus, duodenum, spleen and large intestine) in commercial Hy-Line (HL) and indigenous Green-legged Partridgelike (GP) chickens. The level of mRNA was determined with RT-qPCR using the TaqMan probes for target and reference (ACTB) genes. We determined that the tissue profiles differed with respect to each TLR and they were ranked as follows: spleen, lungs, large intestine (TLR1), large intestine, lungs, thymus\/ovary (TLR2) and lungs, thymus, liver (TLR5). A differential expression between HL and GP chickens was determined for TLR1 and TLR5 genes in large intestine and thymus of HL (P < 0.05) and GP (P < 0.05) chickens. We conclude that the commercial chickens expressed higher levels of TLR1 mRNA in large intestine and TLR5 mRNA in thymus than indigenous chickens."