GH secretion is impaired in most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), although the secretion of the other anterior pituitary hormones is unaffected. However, whether restoration of euparathyroidism is associated with reversal of GH deficiency in PHP patients is not known. To address this issue, we studied 30 consecutive patients with PHP due to a single parathyroid adenoma before and after parathyroidectomy. GH secretion was evaluated by peak serum GH after the maximal GHRH + arginine (Arg) stimulation test. A group of 35 age- and sex-matched normal subjects served as controls. Serum IGF-I concentration was below the normal age-corrected values in six of 30 patients before surgery and in four of 30 patients after parathyroidectomy (P = not significant). Mean serum peak GH values after the GHRH + Arg test were 17.5 +/- 2.8 mug/liter before surgery and 23.8 +/- 2.5 mug/liter after surgery (P = 0.0008). The GH response to the GHRH + Arg test was reduced in 20 (67%) and normal in 10 (33%) of 30 PHP patients at baseline; after surgery, 22 of 30 (73%) PHP patients had a normal GH response to the GHRH + Arg test, and only eight (27%) had an impaired GH secretion (P < 0.02). In conclusion, this study confirms that GH secretion is impaired in PHP patients and indicates that it is reversed in many patients after parathyroidectomy. Accordingly, GH deficiency in PHP patients must be considered a functional phenomenon for which GH therapy is not recommended.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.2003-031595|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||000220030700031|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-12144287600|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|