The effects of the novel immunosuppressant Deoxyspergualin (DSP) on the development of experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) in CBA mice were studied. For EAT induction, the mice were immunized with 100 micrograms of porcine thyroglobulin (p Tg) emulsified in CFA on day 0 and in IFA, for boosting, on day 14. Twenty-eight days after primary immunization, histological and serological signs of EAT occurred in control mice treated with PBS which showed marked lymphoid infiltration of the thyroid glands along with increased serum titres of anti-pTg antibodies. Development of both these EAT features was significantly suppressed when the mice were treated with 2.5 mg/kg body weight DSP, given daily, five times a week, from day -2 to day +28 after immunization. The effect appeared to be dose-dependent and DSP was ineffective when given under the same experimental conditions at the dose of 0.5 mg/kg body weight. No DSP-toxic effects could be observed during the experiment. These results provide further evidence for the powerful immunosuppressive properties of DSP and suggest that this drug may be used in the treatment of autoimmune thyroid diseases and other T-cell mediated autoimmune disorders in humans.