The effect of propylene carbonate on SDS micelles was investigated by means of pulsed gradient spin−echo (PGSE) NMR, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), conductivity and ion-selective electrode (ISE) measurements. The knowledge of the cosolvent partition between continuous phase and micelles (obtained by means of PGSE−NMR) allowed the identification of relevant dilution paths. Along these paths the system is composed of identical micelles that become more and more diluted. The extrapolation of measured self-diffusion coefficient to infinite dilution (where direct and hydrodynamic interactions are negligible) permits the determination of hydrodynamic size of the micelles. Moreover, the micelle ionization degree (measured by means of ISE) combined with PGSE−NMR and conductivity data furnishes an estimate of the aggregation number without any assumptions on micellar shape. On the other hand, troublesome hydrodynamic interactions are irrelevant to SAXS, and scattering data collected at fixed composition can be analyzed according to a reasonable model by exploiting the insight on the propylene carbonate partition gained through PGSE−NMR. By means of these approaches, we have found that propylene carbonate acts mainly as cosurfactant for the SDS micelles, decreasing their size and aggregation number by increasing the mean headgroup area of SDS.

Structure of SDS micelles with propylene carbonate as cosolvent: A PGSE-NMR and SAXS study

CEGLIE, Andrea;
2007

Abstract

The effect of propylene carbonate on SDS micelles was investigated by means of pulsed gradient spin−echo (PGSE) NMR, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), conductivity and ion-selective electrode (ISE) measurements. The knowledge of the cosolvent partition between continuous phase and micelles (obtained by means of PGSE−NMR) allowed the identification of relevant dilution paths. Along these paths the system is composed of identical micelles that become more and more diluted. The extrapolation of measured self-diffusion coefficient to infinite dilution (where direct and hydrodynamic interactions are negligible) permits the determination of hydrodynamic size of the micelles. Moreover, the micelle ionization degree (measured by means of ISE) combined with PGSE−NMR and conductivity data furnishes an estimate of the aggregation number without any assumptions on micellar shape. On the other hand, troublesome hydrodynamic interactions are irrelevant to SAXS, and scattering data collected at fixed composition can be analyzed according to a reasonable model by exploiting the insight on the propylene carbonate partition gained through PGSE−NMR. By means of these approaches, we have found that propylene carbonate acts mainly as cosurfactant for the SDS micelles, decreasing their size and aggregation number by increasing the mean headgroup area of SDS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11695/3449
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