Food-bait traps were used to study spatial and temporal distribution of the coleopteran fauna of the first floor of a feed mill in Central Italy. A total of 3396 beetles were captured during the 1-year survey. Beetles were most abundant during July and August and least abundant during February and March. Tribolium confusum du Val was the most abundant and widespread, followed by Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), Attagenus brunneus Faldermann, Sitophilus oryzae (L.), and Stegobium paniceum (L.). The spatial patterns of annual catches of these six species were depicted by contour maps. In addition, high catches of O. surinamensis, T. castaneum and T. confusum, allowed construction of contour maps for monthly trap catches. The populations of A. brunneus were located in the bagging, milling, formulation and pelleting sites, and in the area around the conveyer belt. The highest populations of O. surinamensis were in the entry zone of the unloading pit and in the area around the conveyer belt with finished products. Sitophilus oryzae were present near the entry door of the unloading pit room, around the storage bins and in the storeroom. Populations of S. paniceum were found in the unloading pit as far as the conveyer belt and in a corner of storeroom. Tribolium castaneum was limited to a localized area in the room where raw material was processed and in the entry to the unloading pit room. The highest T. confusum populations were located in the milling, formulation and pelleting sites, and near balance and storage bins. Comparison of the spatio-temporal dynamics of these pests showed a segregation of populations, in both time and space, and a strong interaction among species is suggested. On the basis of our results, the spatial and temporal distributions are significantly affected by various factors, such as food availability, processing practices and temperature conditions in different areas.
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