The reception of Peirce in Italy can be described through three main waves. The first is the so called Italian pragmatism, born in the first decade of the twentieth century, mainly under the influence of William James. The second wave refers to the reception given to pragmatism in the second half of the last century. Some leading intellectuals as Nynfa Bosco, Umberto Eco and Carlo Sini are the main characters of this reception that is important for the attempt to interpret pragmatism within the European cultural landascape. The third wave is the actual one, marked by the attempt of using a profound philological, historical research as a way to insert pragmatism in the changing world culture.