Ten out of 20 (50%) 17-week-old female NOD/WEHI mice developed an acute form of autoimmune diabetes when injected with two large doses of cyclophosphamide (CY), given at 14-day intervals. If these mice were treated under a prophylactic regimen with 2.5 mg/kg body weight per day of the novel immunosuppressant deoxyspergualin (DSP) the onset of diabetes was completely prevented. Moreover, DSP-treated animals showed reduced signs of pancreatic insulitis, had lower percentages of splenic lymphoid cells (SLC) expressing IL-2 receptors and Ly-6C antigens on their surfaces, and these cells released lower amounts of interferon-gamma (IFN) when stimulated in vitro. These data, providing evidence for the capacity of DSP to protect NOD/WEHI mice from experimental autoimmune diabetes and to modulate histo-immunological pathogenic pathways, indicate DSP as a drug of potential interest in the treatment of human insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Prevention of cyclophosphamide-induced diabetes in the NOD/WEHI mouse with deoxyspergualin

DI MARCO, Roberto;
1993

Abstract

Ten out of 20 (50%) 17-week-old female NOD/WEHI mice developed an acute form of autoimmune diabetes when injected with two large doses of cyclophosphamide (CY), given at 14-day intervals. If these mice were treated under a prophylactic regimen with 2.5 mg/kg body weight per day of the novel immunosuppressant deoxyspergualin (DSP) the onset of diabetes was completely prevented. Moreover, DSP-treated animals showed reduced signs of pancreatic insulitis, had lower percentages of splenic lymphoid cells (SLC) expressing IL-2 receptors and Ly-6C antigens on their surfaces, and these cells released lower amounts of interferon-gamma (IFN) when stimulated in vitro. These data, providing evidence for the capacity of DSP to protect NOD/WEHI mice from experimental autoimmune diabetes and to modulate histo-immunological pathogenic pathways, indicate DSP as a drug of potential interest in the treatment of human insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/1911
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact