The feeding preferences of alate and apterous morphs of the aphid Schizaphis graminum (Rondani)(Homoptera: Aphididae) were evaluated using leaves treated with powdered rice cultures of four fungal isolates belonging to different species of the genus Trichoderma (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes). All of the fungal isolates restrained alate morphs of S. graminum from visiting treated leaves, but only Trichoderma citrinoviride Bisset also influenced the preference of apterous morphs. Trials carried out with supernatants obtained by centrifuging aqueous suspensions of the fungal cultures showed that the feeding preference of aphids was maintained in the absence of fungal spores and mycelia, supporting the hypothesis that at least part of the fungal metabolites responsible for this effect were water-soluble compounds. Electrophysiological studies showed that the structures involved in the perception of the fungal metabolites are located on the aphid tarsomeres.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00494.x|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||000242903500009|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-33845685470|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|