Penetration of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase into CHO cells was monotonically inhibited by polylysines, with a minimum degree of polymerization of greater than 6 and less than or equal to 9 to 10. Above this level, inhibitory potency per lysyl residue was independent of polymer length; 50% inhibition was obtained with 60 microM lysine monomer. Other polycations were also potent inhibitors. The adenylate cyclase itself showed a biphasic (stimulation-inhibition) response, with a similar independence of polymer length above a certain minimum. Half-maximal inhibitory concentrations for cyclic AMP accumulation corresponded to half-maximal stimulatory concentrations of poly-L-lysine for the cyclase. The inhibitory effect of polylysines on cyclic AMP accumulation was not reversed by washing or enzymatic removal of neuraminic acid. We conclude that charge-charge interactions play an important role in the penetration of B. pertussis adenylate cyclase into host cells.

Modulation of invasiveness and catalytic activity of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase by polycations

GENTILE, Fabrizio;
1989

Abstract

Penetration of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase into CHO cells was monotonically inhibited by polylysines, with a minimum degree of polymerization of greater than 6 and less than or equal to 9 to 10. Above this level, inhibitory potency per lysyl residue was independent of polymer length; 50% inhibition was obtained with 60 microM lysine monomer. Other polycations were also potent inhibitors. The adenylate cyclase itself showed a biphasic (stimulation-inhibition) response, with a similar independence of polymer length above a certain minimum. Half-maximal inhibitory concentrations for cyclic AMP accumulation corresponded to half-maximal stimulatory concentrations of poly-L-lysine for the cyclase. The inhibitory effect of polylysines on cyclic AMP accumulation was not reversed by washing or enzymatic removal of neuraminic acid. We conclude that charge-charge interactions play an important role in the penetration of B. pertussis adenylate cyclase into host cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/1780
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