The mismatching between the predicted and the operational performance of buildings designed to be nearly zero-energy underlines the importance to study the post-occupancy behavior, to understand if the building-HVAC system is capable to meet the variable conditions even due to the progressive climate change. The paper proposes a discussion about the operational performance of an existing nearly zero-energy building in the Mediterranean climate, during the heating and cooling seasons. The monitoring shows that the required electrical power is always lower than the nominal one, also because the external conditions are not extreme as the design ones. In the colder days, the difference in the required power is −21%. In summer, there is a delay of two hours between the external maximum temperature and the maximum required power. However, the monitored power is usually higher than the nominal one, with a maximum value of +11%. Considering all proposed combinations for the design calculation, it is demonstrated that the real performance cannot be predicted during the design, because indoor and external conditions influence the dynamic behavior of the building-HVAC system.
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