: PReferentially expressed Antigen in Melanoma (PRAME) is a cancer testis antigen, first isolated in tumor-reactive T-cell clones from a metastatic melanoma patient. It has been widely studied in skin pathology as an immunohistochemical marker capable of distinguishing between benign nevi and malignant melanomas. PRAME has been found to be also expressed in non-melanocytic tumors, including lung, breast, kidney and ovarian cancer. However, less is known about the diagnostic and/or prognostic role of this protein in uveal melanoma (UM); few studies have reported that PRAME expression seems to give to UM patients an additional metastatic risk beyond the other already-known prognostic parameters. In the present retrospective study, we aimed to correlate PRAME immunoreactivity to other clinico-pathologic features and follow-up data on a large series of 85 cases (45 non-metastasizing and 40 metastasizing tumors) of primary UM. A statistically significant correlation was found between PRAME expression and higher metastatic risk and lower metastasis-free survival. We propose to include PRAME in the immunohistochemical panel of UM as an easily usable marker capable of predicting higher metastatic risk and stratifying patients' outcome.

Immunohistochemical expression of PRAME is a marker of poor prognosis in uveal melanoma: A clinico-pathologic and immunohistochemical study on a series of 85 cases

Merolla, Francesco;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: PReferentially expressed Antigen in Melanoma (PRAME) is a cancer testis antigen, first isolated in tumor-reactive T-cell clones from a metastatic melanoma patient. It has been widely studied in skin pathology as an immunohistochemical marker capable of distinguishing between benign nevi and malignant melanomas. PRAME has been found to be also expressed in non-melanocytic tumors, including lung, breast, kidney and ovarian cancer. However, less is known about the diagnostic and/or prognostic role of this protein in uveal melanoma (UM); few studies have reported that PRAME expression seems to give to UM patients an additional metastatic risk beyond the other already-known prognostic parameters. In the present retrospective study, we aimed to correlate PRAME immunoreactivity to other clinico-pathologic features and follow-up data on a large series of 85 cases (45 non-metastasizing and 40 metastasizing tumors) of primary UM. A statistically significant correlation was found between PRAME expression and higher metastatic risk and lower metastasis-free survival. We propose to include PRAME in the immunohistochemical panel of UM as an easily usable marker capable of predicting higher metastatic risk and stratifying patients' outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11695/121249
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