The aims of this study were as follows: (1) To evaluate the entheseal fibrocartilage (EF) during Achilles tendon insertion in patients with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) by using power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS), (2) to assess the intra and inter-reader reliability of the evaluation of EF thickness, (3) to compare the EF thickness of PsA patients, athletes and healthy controls (HCs), and (4) to evaluate the correlations between EF abnormalities, disease activity and functional indices in PsA. Methods: Consecutive PsA patients attending our unit were asked to participate. HCs and agonist athletes were enrolled as a control group. A bilateral PDUS evaluation of Achilles tendons was performed in order to evaluate the EF in all patients and controls. Results: In total, 30 PsA patients, 40 athletes and 20 HCs were enrolled. The median (IQR) EF thickness among the PsA patients, athletes and HCs was 0.035 cm (0.028–0.04) cm, 0.036 (0.025–0.043) cm and 0.030 (0.020–0.038) cm, respectively (p = 0.05 between PsA patients and HCs). The intra-reader reliability was excellent [ICC (95% CI) of 0.91 (0.88–0.95)] and the inter-reader reliability was good (0.80 (0.71–0.86). The assessment of EF was feasible, with a mean time of 2 min. No correlations were found with disease activity indices in PsA patients. Conclusion: The assessment of EF is a feasible and reproducible test and may be explored as a potential imaging biomarker.
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