Climate challenges impose the need for successful afforestation strategies which will increase the amount of carbon sequestered from the atmosphere. In practice, this means evaluation of suitable plant species and management practices for the long-term effects to prove beneficial. In the present study we employed a clasmometric approach to look into biomass partitioning in two tree species, Populus sibirica and Ulmus pumila, which have been included in the formation of the Green Belt project in Asia. Comparing the total biomass comprised of the above ground (AG) and below ground (BG) biomass of trees grown in different irrigation and fertilization regimes, we aim to better understand where the two species invest more biomass as a tool to deal with the environmental challenges. The results suggest that these two tree species prioritize different aspects of development when faced with various challenges. U. pumilia tends to be more resistant to drought making it favorable for the semi-arid and arid regions. P. sibirica is more sensitive to the lack of water but shows greater potential in terms of biomass production (especially AG biomass) and, therefore, overall higher C-sequestration. The fertilization treatments made no significant impact on tree development on Mongolian steppe soil.
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