Background: Although the creation of a stoma reduces the risk of septic pouch complications following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), the stoma itself and its reversal can give rise to substantial morbidity during the two- or three-stage concept. Aim of study is to compare stoma-related complications in Ulcerative Colitis patients undergoing laparoscopic versus open IPAA. Methods: We collected data on 250 IPAA patients from two Italian Centres between 2005 and 2015. We compared perioperative and postoperative events in 150 open vs 100 laparoscopic IPAA. We performed a case-matched analysis based on baseline differences among groups to compare the rate of mechanical complications. Results: There were no significant differences between open and laparoscopic IPAA in overall stoma complications (complications during ileostomy: 11.3% vs 12%,p = 0.8; early complications: 10% vs 8%,p = 0.5; late complications: 12.6% vs 6%,p = 0.08). The case-matched analysis found a slightly reduced incidence of obstructive complications at any stage with laparoscopy. Conclusions: Overall stoma related complications do not seem to be reduced by minimally-invasive approach itself, but patients might experience less mechanical problems with laparoscopy without conversion.
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