A war is always made with a purpose. This sentence will surely be shared by The Church, that meant the Second World War as a spiritual purifying process due to the mankind to get absolution of the sin. Or at least using this interpretation, they largely influenced miserable and ignorant common people. What was the Church really aiming for? The real intention of the Church was to keep on conquering new territories and properties in order to enhance social and political supremacy, by supporting the miserable people oppressed by the war. The present work analyses socio-economical situation of a rural land as Molise Region from the Second World War up to the Reconstruction Period. The main sourced I considered, were: • Papers belonging to the Church: diocesan archives, • parish archives, • private archives, • Vatican archive, • State Archive of Campobasso, • Central State Archive of Rome. The main goal of this essay is to make a focus on the situation of a rural land that was able to represent a crucial point in the SWW, especially after the Armistice Day. The region was under the bomb, many citizens died, the allies took possession of it and changed radically the social-political environment. The rule of the Church was very important. On one hand they spiritually and economically supported this wasted land, on the other hand achieved a relevant leadership. This influence gradually led to the creation of political parties, clearly influenced by the Church. Such as Partito Popolare Italiano, at first, and the Democrazia Cristina, later. Even the same Catholic associations, such as theAzione Cattolica or the Fuci or the Acli, taken a sign clearly political. Moreover in Molise region, such as in the rest of Italy, the Church never hided, but explicitly opposed the Communism, considered as declared enemy of the religion and the Church. The documents used in the preparation of this work were consulted at the following National Archives and regional: Vatican Secret Archives Central Archive of Rome Archive of the Diocese of Campobasso – Bojano Archive of the Diocese of Trivento Archive of the Diocese of Termoli – Larino Archive of the Diocese of Isernia – Venafro State’s Archive of Campobasso Historical books of: Convent of the Sacro Cuore of the Cappuccini in Campobasso Convent of San Giovanni dei Gelsi in Campobasso Parish of St. Anthony of Padua in Campobasso Private archive of the family Gargano Municipal Archive of Capracotta.
|Titolo:||La Guerra e la Chiesa, le armi e le preghiere: come il Molise visse la Seconda Guerra Mondiale|
|Altri titoli:||About War and Church, weapons and prayers: how Molise experienced the Second World War|
|Data di pubblicazione:||18-apr-2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.2 Tesi di dottorato (Ex-ROAD)|