In 1529, the 29th July, Charles V and Clement VII signed the peace in the Barcelona’s cathedral, taking name from the Catalan town. Trivento was an important turning point in the strategic plan and land warfare of Spanish Monarchy in the Kingdom of Naples. Trivento was on the access land road for the Kingdom of Naples, in a border area with the Holy See, surrounded by church states, such us Montecassino or S. Sofia of Benevento. Charles V chose this land to establish civil and ecclesiastical control, on one hand, for conferring the feuds to the faithful and loyal feudal nobility and, on the other hand, for controlling the bishops election on the oldest diocese of the Contado di Molise. Between the history of the royal patronage in the Southern Italy the diocese of Trivento was not still completely known, especially in relation to the economic and political importance of other dioceses and archdioceses under royal patronage in the Spanish Empire. This study aims to fill this knowledge gap. The history of the diocese of Molise was an opportunity to observe the periphery of the Kingdom of Naples during the Spanish age, considering the complex political dynamics in their different relationships between "centers", Spain/Rome/Naples and "peripheries” of the Empire and of the Kingdom. In the vast territory of the Kingdom of Naples, the periphery of the expansive Spanish Empire, the plots for the elections of bishops of the diocese under royal patronage moved. The processes of elections and the profiles of candidates for the diocese of Molise were reconstructed in the dialogue between the centers of power. The candidates were marked by a cursus honorum respectable, they were perfectly inserted in dialogue and political plots viceregal court of Naples. The history that grows is political history, social history, religious history, in a increasing of points of view that emerge following the diocese’s history aftermath of Council of Trento and in the pastoral activities of the clergy that worked in the territory. How many bishops were elected by the Spanish court, that reached Trivento and, once there, what did they do? What changed in the history of the area? Following the events of the diocesan history, the reasons that lead the Spanish Monarchy to choice Trivento for the royal patronage are analyze and, on the other hand, the responses and outcomes, that there were in the area and in the long period, were investigated. The present study ranges between the political traits of the centers of power, that elected the bishops under royal patronage, and the local partnership, considering the territory, population structures, the socio-economic landscape, the devotional system and the composition of the diocesan clergy. All relevant information are useful to context and to mark the history of the diocese during the long Spanish age.
|Titolo:||Chiesa e società a Trivento. Storia di una diocesi di regio patronato in età spagnola|
|Altri titoli:||Church and society in Trivento. History of the diocese under royal patronage in the Spanish age|
|Parole chiave:||Diocesi Trivento|
|Data di pubblicazione:||18-apr-2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.2 Tesi di dottorato (Ex-ROAD)|